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Physics Conference Room, SB B326
Coffee starts at 12:00 PM and talk starts at 12:15 PM
18
Feb '03
P. G. Silvestrov  -  Tuesday, February 18, 2003
Adiabatic quantization of Andreev levels
Instituut-Lorentz, Leiden, The Netherlands and Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia
ABSTRACT: The problem of finding a semiclassical spectrum of an Andreev billiard (ballistic chaotic cavity coupled to superconductor by an N-mode construction) is considered. We identify the time T between Andreev reflections as a classical adiabatic invariant. Quantization of the adiabatically invariant torus in phase space gives a discrete set of periods Tn, which in turn generate a ladder of excited states. The largest quantized period is given be the Ehrenfest time, proportional to the logarithm of the Plank constant. The wave functions of Andreev levels fill the cavity in a highly nonuniform "squeezed" way, which has no counterpart in normal state chaotic or regular billiards. The theory is applied to the problems of calculating a hard gap in the semiclassical spectrum and crossover between semiclassical and random matrix description of Andreev billiards. Similar ideas may be used for the description of classical to quantum crossover in shot noise in a ballistic quantum dot.
NOTES: Starts at 2:00 PM. Room: B-137
24
Feb '03
Dan Greenberger   -  Monday, February 24, 2003
ABSTRACT: Bell's theorem is a statement that quantum mechanics produces special (entangled) states that have correlations that no local, realistic theory can possible reproduce. Both experimental and theoretical works on Bell's theorem proceed from the idea that the two entangled states are produced by the decay of a single central particle into two particles. But there is a new way to produce entangled states that originates from two independent pairs of particles, and which is exceedingly hard to get a handle on classically. I will discuss the background of the subject, and the new information provided by these new experiments
17
Mar '03
Isa Zharekeshev   -  Monday, March 17, 2003
Level Statistics at the Anderson Transition
Ruhr University of Bochum, Germany
19
Mar '03
Emilio Mendez   -  Wednesday, March 19, 2003
31
Mar '03
Mikhail A. Vorontsov   -  Monday, March 31, 2003
Imaging in Turbulent Environments
US Army Research Laboratory
14
Apr '03
Hui Cao   -  Monday, April 14, 2003
Lasing in Random Media
Northwestern University, Chicago
28
Apr '03
Richard Liboff   -  Monday, April 28, 2003
Origin of the Solar System
Cornell University, Ithaca
5
May '03
Jonathan Sokolov   -  Monday, May 5, 2003
12
May '03
Marilyn Gunner   -  Monday, May 12, 2003
15
Sep '03
Cherice Evans   -  Monday, September 15, 2003
25
Sep '03
Carl Patton  -  Thursday, September 25, 2003
High frequency microwave materials and applications
Colorado State University, Dept. of Physics
NOTES: Thursday
7
Oct '03
Vladimir Chaldyshev   -  Tuesday, October 7, 2003
Engineering of As nanoclusters in GaAs
Brooklyn College, Dept. of Physics
NOTES: Monday Schedule
20
Oct '03
Alexander Abanov   -  Monday, October 20, 2003
27
Oct '03
Viktor Podolskiy   -  Monday, October 27, 2003
ABSTRACT: The optical response of the nanostructured metallic composite could be dramatically different from the response of bulk metal due to resonant excitation of plasmon polariton modes. The spectral characteristics of these modes are strongly affected by the geometry of composite.

In random metal-dielectric percolation films plasmon modes are localized in subwavelength areas with spatial dimensions about 100 nm, so-called "hot spots". Resonant excitation of such localized modes leads to huge enhancements of local linear and nonlinear fields. Due to random structure of the percolation composite, such field enhancement exists in the broad spectrum range, from near UV to mid-infrared, opening a way to the important applications in spectroscopy, biophysics and related areas.

Excitation of polariton modes in composite of metal nanowire pairs, leads to the possibility of construction of left-handed media in the optical and near IF frequency range. One of the most promising applications is the construction of "perfect" lens with subwavelength resolution in the far field.
3
Nov '03
Patrick Sebbah   -  Monday, November 3, 2003
Wave propagation in active and nonlinear random media
University of Nice/CNRS, Dept. of Physics, France and Queens College
10
Nov '03
Evgenii Narimanov   -  Monday, November 10, 2003
Light in asymmetric dielectric resonators: chaos, tunneling and localization
Princeton University, Dept. of Electrical Engineering
ABSTRACT: Dielectric cavities can support long-lived resonant states of the electromagnetic field. These resonances correspond to ray trajectories, which are trapped inside the cavity by internal reflection, as e.g. in "whispering gallery" resonances of microspheres and microcylinders. When such cavities are deformed from their symmetric shapes, the dynamics of the corresponding ray trajectories undergoes a transition from integrability to chaos. This transition has a dramatic effect on the properties of the high-Q resonances.

Microcylinder lasers based on such asymmetric resonators, show strongly directional light emission and high power output (with several orders of magnitude enhancement compared to standard microdisc lasers). Measurements of the optical spectra in these novel semiconductor devices show direct signatures of the classical Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser transition from integrability to chaos, chaos-assisted tunneling, dynamical Anderson localization and a laser action on "scar"-modes.
17
Nov '03
Bala Sundaram   -  Monday, November 17, 2003
Billiard Dynamics: Cold atoms to lost Whales
College of Staten Island, Dept. of Physics
8
Dec '03
Tony Heinz   -  Monday, December 8, 2003
Terahertz time domain spectroscopy
Columbia University, Depts. of Physics and Electrical Eng.